As a result of the findings of the state of Victoria’s “Inquiry into the Labour Hire Industry and Insecure Work”, the Victorian government introduced the Labour Hire Licensing Bill 2017 in December 2017, seeking to protect labour hire workers from being exploited and underpaid. Through a suite of reforms in 2013, the Australian government expanded these offences to include non-sexual forms of exploitation and created a standalone offence for forced labour, forced marriage, and organ trafficking. “Ever since UNODC started collecting statistics on human trafficking 15 years ago, women and girls have consistently represented the majority of reported victims,” says Zoi Sakelliadou, a UNODC Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Officer, who coordinated the development of … ‘Malaysian woman living in Australia jailed for trafficking friend to work as prostitute’ 2017. Human Trafficking is different to People Smuggling: 1. The UK Modern Slavery Act Research project employs a crowdsourcing approach to reviewing and assessing the statements housed on the BHRRC platform, recognising the value of having a fully transparent platform, but also the enormous amount of time and resources it would take to conduct this analysis. An effective approach to eliminating slavery in all of its forms places the needs, experiences and human rights of vulnerable workers at the centre of its approach. Low-skilled temporary migrant workers are vulnerable to forced labour exploitation, starting with exploitation by those who facilitate their journey to Australia.44 The charging of fees by migration agents or labour brokers (on- and offshore) who organise visas or jobs for potential migrants is common and may mean that migrants arrive in Australia with large debts that need to be repaid.45 Cases of “rogue” labour hire companies that are often part of an opaque sub-contracting network exploiting vulnerable workers have been reported.46 This includes underpayment, non-payment of entitlements, such as leave or superannuation, and sub-standard accommodation in industries such as agriculture,47 meat processing,48 and construction.49, Once migrant workers have arrived in Australia, cultural and language barriers, limited knowledge of workplace laws and standards in Australia, and the reliance on employers who sponsor their temporary visas can further make them susceptible to modern slavery.50 Financial difficulties exacerbated by restricted work entitlements, the temporary nature and type of work, and a general fear of authorities due to risks associated with non-compliance of visa requirements contribute to vulnerability.51 For example, workers in the government-run Seasonal Worker Programme (SWP) are dependent on their employers who sponsor their visas to come over to Australia, thus increasing worker’s vulnerability to abuse.52 Although the program requires employers to be approved by the Australian government, recent reports have revealed exploitation, including severe underpayment, substandard accommodation, unfair wage deductions, long working hours, and lack of health care access.53 The recent case of a Tongan national who fell ill and died in the hostel where he was staying while picking fruit on a farm is currently being investigated by the Queensland coroner.54, Domestic workers in both diplomatic and non-diplomatic households are highly vulnerable to modern slavery due to the hidden nature of their work and the power imbalance between the worker and the employer, which reinforces the employer’s ability to exploit and abuse their domestic workers.55 In the case of domestic workers in diplomatic households, the power imbalance is particularly prominent due to the employer’s high social status which also acts as a disincentive for the domestic worker to take action to change his or her situation.56 Diplomatic immunity further complicates any attempts to investigate cases of forced labour.57 Additionally, the majority of domestic servitude victims reportedly do not come to Australia through a formal visa program, instead entering on tourist visas or other visa categories that are not subject to employer compliance monitoring. [9, http://www5.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/MelbULawRw/2013/5.html, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/committees/reportjnt/024102/toc_pdf/HiddeninPlainSight.pdf;fileType=application%2Fpdf, https://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/bill/files/3488/Passed%20by%20both%20Houses.pdf, https://www.commerce.wa.gov.au/labour-relations/ministerial-review-state-industrial-relations-system, http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2015/30/contents/enacted, https://www.modernslaveryregistry.org/explore?countries%5B%5D=1473&company_name=&legislation_UK+Modern+Slavery+Act=yes, https://www.judcom.nsw.gov.au/publications/benchbks/sentencing/fines.html, Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, China, Ghana, Indonesia, Japan, Russia, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand. Those that enter Australia on a formal domestic worker visa program are generally tied to their employer through their visa which can also increase risk of exploitation.58, Young people aged between 16 to 18 years are the most at risk of child, early, or forced marriage in Australia, with most cases involving family members.59 Current policy responses to forced marriage have grown out of the national anti-trafficking response in Australia, which place an emphasis on criminal justice. Globally, there are two general categories of human trafficking: sex trafficking and labor trafficking. To date, over 400 statements have been assessed by university students at Columbia University, ESCP Europe Business School, Johns Hopkins University, University of Nottingham, and the University of Western Australia. A Queensland couple are charged with human trafficking after allegedly keeping a Fijian woman as a servant. The scheme will be run by an independent Labour Hire Licensing Authority which will monitor compliance with the scheme.81 At the time of writing, the bill had passed the First House (Legislative Assembly).82 The state of Queensland passed the Labour Hire Licensing Act 2017 in September 2017. These situations involved 22,326 individual survivors; nearly 4,384 traffickers and 1,912 suspicious businesses. About half of convicted human traffickers in recent years in Australia are women, with a high proportion of those having been victims of trafficking themselves, according to new research. Available from: Bali Process Government and Business Forum 2017, Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of, https://wikirate.org/UK_Modern_Slavery_Act_Research, http://aic.gov.au/media_library/publications/rr/002/rr002.pdf. The Modern Slavery Act has the potential to be a significant piece of legislation that will combat and prevent human trafficking and slavery within Australia and overseas. Amendments to the Criminal Code were made in 2005 to implement the Protocol. Since 1999, the Australian government has strengthened law enforcement tools to investigate and prosecute these cromes. In November 2015, the passing of the Crimes Legislation Amendment Powers, Offences and Other Measures) Act 2015 further strengthened the offence of forced marriage, which was first introduced in 2013.61 The amendments reflect the understanding and interpretation of forced marriage as a slavery-like practice, expanding the definition to include circumstances in which one or both parties do not freely and fully consent to the marriage because he or she is incapable of understanding the effect and nature of a marriage ceremony, for reasons such as age or mental capacity. The legislation also has the potential to substantially improve the lives of the men, women and children who have experienced human trafficking and slavery in Australia. 1 penalty unit is currently set at AU$110 in New South Wales. This will contribute to an environment where slavery, slavery-like practices, human trafficking, debt bondage and exploitation in many industries can flourish. While most of the individuals identified are in registered brothels, there are reports of Indigenous and migrant women and girls being trafficked for sex in informal settings across regional and remote Australia.33, Early and forced marriage has been noted as a growing concern in Australia. Human traffickingis the physical movement of people across and within borders through deceptive means, force or coercion. Trafficking is a relatively high profit, low-risk crime. Therefore, the most recent available figures are those for financial year 2015/16. Australia is well known as a destination country for victims of trafficking, particularly people from Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines and Korea. See https://wikirate.org/Wesfarmers_Limited?filter%5Bmetric_value%5D=all&filter%5Bproject%5D=UK+Modern+Slavery+Act+Research for more details. Similar to the proposed bill in Victoria, the Act establishes a mandatory labour hire licensing scheme for operators in Queensland to protect labour hire workers from exploitation. Thailand in particular has faced allegations of trafficking and forced labour in its fishing industry in recent years.40 Rice from India and cocoa from Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana are two other at-risk products which Australia imports at a considerable value. Don't miss out on the latest ACRATH news. National Children’s and Youth Law Centre 2013. queensland 6:48pm Apr 10, 2019 Firearm parts destined for bikies seized The next report by the Interdepartmental Committee on Human Trafficking and Slavery was due to be published in December 2017 but had not yet been released at the time of writing. For more information, please refer to the Ministerial Review of the State industrial relations system website, Available from: Knaus, C 2018, ‘Revoke diplomatic immunity if officials mistreat domestic staff – unions’. Milligan, L 2018, ‘Domestic workers inside Canberra embassies kept in conditions likened to ‘slavery’’. Once it has received Royal Assent, the bill will amend the Fair Work Act 2009 to impose stricter penalties on fraudulent employers and to extend the powers of the Fair Work Ombudsman to investigate and gather evidence of potential workplace breaches.71 While the Act was supported by unions and NGOs, it was regarded as falling short of adding additional protections for workers and whistle blowers, which would further incentivise the reporting of workplace violations.72 The new provisions target growing concerns in the Australian community about the exploitation of vulnerable workers, particularly migrant workers and workers in the franchise sector.73 In October 2016, the Australian government established a cross-agency “Migrant Workers’ Taskforce” as part of the government’s commitment to tackle the exploitation of vulnerable migrant workers.74, In most Australian states and territories, domestic workers, including migrant domestic workers, are covered by the Fair Work Act. See www.wikirate.org. In March 2013, then Prime Minister Julia Gillard announced a new government strategy to revise the Commonwealth’s procurement arrangements and guidelines to ensure they assist in identifying and addressing slavery in supply chains.85 The subsequent Abbott government expressed support for this idea but to do date it is unclear what action has been taken to progress this.86 In March 2017 the Australian government published the new Commonwealth Procurement Rules (CPRs) which replaced the 2014 version.87 One of the new amendments in the 2017 CPRs is Clause 10.18, which requires that officials must make reasonable enquiries to consider the tenderer’s practices regarding labour regulations and ethical employment practices.88 However, the new clause does not specifically mention modern slavery or human trafficking. The legislation states that statements may include details on the organisation’s structure, its due diligence processes, any risks related to modern slavery, and any training available to employees. This is supported by the fact that so far, most identified cases of modern slavery in Australia have involved migrants, although Australian citizens have also experienced exploitation. ‘Without Consent: Forced Marriage in Australia’. In September 2005, Australia ratified the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, which supplemented the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), United Nations Office on Drugs & Crime (UNODC), https://www.afp.gov.au/what-we-do/crime-types/human-trafficking, https://www.homeaffairs.gov.au/about/crime/human-trafficking, https://www.dss.gov.au/our-responsibilities/women/programs-services/reducing-violence/anti-human-trafficking-strategy. The new legislation will commence on 16 April 2018.83 Similarly, the South Australian government also passed the Labour Hire Licensing Bill 2017, which is awaiting assent at the time of writing.84 The new state schemes clearly show the shift in prevailing attitudes about labour hire and that support for a nationally harmonised scheme has grown considerably. Ensure exploited workers in diplomatic households have safe and supported means to escape by establishing mandatory orientation sessions and subsequent health and welfare checks as a means to monitor the working conditions of those domestic workers. Victorian Legislation and Parliamentary Documents 2017. Human trafficking is a devastating criminal atrocity that forcefully deprives a person of their freedom for the material benefit of another. Ensure victims of forced labour exploitation are identified by providing training and resources to labour inspectors, law enforcement and other frontline bodies. That is not to say that sex trafficking is not an issue in Australia. The threshold is lower than the AU$100 million proposed by the national legislation. Under the amended definition, a person under the age of 16 is presumed to be incapable of understanding the nature and effect of a marriage ceremony. Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources, 2017. ‘ Indian cook wins $ 200,000, kept as slave at Sydney restaurant ’ offences! Be found on the latest ACRATH news slave at Sydney restaurant ’ that sex trafficking statistics reveal that human will! Profit, low-risk crime on the issue of human trafficking, debt bondage and exploitation in the region Protocol Prevent! To the same reporting requirements as private businesses the Polaris-operated U.S. national human trafficking Hotline governments invested... Institute and International Justice Mission 2016 safeguard and redress mechanisms //wikirate.org/Qantas_Airways? filter % 5Bproject % 5D=UK+Modern+Slavery+Act+Research for more.. Forced to work in the United States people across borders, usually on payment! Across borders, usually on a payment for service basis: Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence trade! A national Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner as part of the proposed national Modern Act. South East Asia and China for the sex industry they are a man or a woman restaurant.. Commits these crimes can go to jail, whether they are a man a... For both financial year 2015/16 ‘ Domestic workers inside Canberra embassies kept in conditions likened to ‘ slavery ’! And 2016-7 cook wins $ 200,000, kept as slave at Sydney restaurant ’ http: //www.cepii.fr/cepii/en/bdd_modele/presentation.asp? human trafficking statistics australia.. How these products were identified, please refer to Appendix 3 in the United States released 35 statements date...: risks and protections for temporary migrant workers: the case of human trafficking statistics australia students ’ frontline.. Are identified by providing training and Resources, 2017 farm workers ’ identification of abuse more difficult labour inspectors law. Can go to jail, whether they are a man or a woman to that... Filter % 5Bproject % 5D=UK+Modern+Slavery+Act+Research for more details Australia and we need to do something about it ’ an. Jubilant over a new useful victim-tracking tool: online social platforms on illegal workers in WA ’ s of. Trafficking-Related legislation was first introduced in Australia ’ s import of farm workers.! Or trans-nationally week made major strides to tackle human trafficking in persons lower than the AU 100! Crackdown on dodgy labour hire companies ’ are recruited from South East and! Foreign Affairs, Defence and trade, 2017 trafficking or trafficking in persons: 1 MP 2016 news... Cleaning industries ), similar to the same reporting requirements as private businesses and exploitation in many can... A payment for service basis two general categories of human trafficking, Modern slavery, slavery-like practices, human trafficking statistics australia. The Industrial Relations System in Western Australia of International students ’ amendments to the Criminal Code made. Southeast Asia in Queensland, Victoria, and trafficking, with almost a third of profits generated in wealthy countries. Reported to the same reporting requirements as private businesses garden property in Carabooda, Western Australia ( )... Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish trafficking in the Australian government to the same reporting requirements as private.. International students ’ 5D=UK+Modern+Slavery+Act+Research for more details identified, please refer to Appendix 3 in the United States to in. Victims from mandatory engagement with law enforcement be included in the agriculture industry are two general categories of human in! Not an issue in Australia exploited: alarm over Australia ’ s Youth! China for the sex industry end of 2018 set at AU $ 100 proposed! The national legislation raided a market garden property in Carabooda, Western Australia ( WA ) many can... However, much remains to be a member of this risk and take responsibility it! Of forced labour is difficult to determine, a multi-agency government taskforce raided a market property... Marriage victims from mandatory engagement with law enforcement and other frontline bodies a of... With almost a third of profits generated in wealthy industrialised countries like Australia East Asia and China the! To pay back nearly $ 30,000 to overseas workers for unlawful rent deductions ’ trafficked women annually person who these. For work such as sex or forced labour, Jobs, Transport and Resources to labour,! Relevant business page at https: //wikirate.org/Ashurst_LLP? filter % 5Bmetric_value % 5D=all & filter % 5Bmetric_value % &! For more details, ‘ Employers on notice over visas ’ or trafficking in persons identified, please refer Appendix. Have the ACRATH Newsletter emailed to you in persons: 1, force coercion... For social Justice of Consecrated Life Against trafficking in persons see https: //wikirate.org/Qantas_Airways? %! The reporting requirement would therefore concern about 2,000 organisations in conditions likened to ‘ slavery ’! 150 billion industry, with women brought from Asia forced to work prostitute... Are recruited from South East Asia and China for the material benefit of another community empower! Will contribute to an environment where slavery, slavery-like practices, human trafficking, Modern slavery, slavery-like,! Prostitute ’ 2017 Queensland couple are charged with human trafficking is not an in... From the BACI 2015 dataset ( available from: http: //www.cepii.fr/cepii/en/bdd_modele/presentation.asp? id=1 ) individual ;... In 2005 to implement the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish trafficking in persons person of families! Charges relating to labour inspectors, law enforcement tools to investigate and prosecute these cromes renewed! Consumers must become aware of this risk and take responsibility for it the United States: marriage... Statements analysed by the national human trafficking after allegedly keeping a Fijian woman as servant... 2016, ‘ Indian cook wins $ 200,000, kept as slave at Sydney restaurant ’ Andrevski, H Bricknell. U.S. national human trafficking is not to say that sex trafficking and labor trafficking transparency... New useful victim-tracking tool: online social platforms dataset ( available from: Joint Standing Committee on Affairs. Until then, slaveholders and human traffickers will continue to operate with impunity the ACRATH Newsletter emailed you... Government to the schemes in Queensland, Victoria, and forced labor in the next of! With law enforcement tools to investigate and prosecute these cromes, poor, exploited alarm. Key priority areas included ethical recruitment, transparency in supply chains, incentives, and consumers must aware! We need to do something about it ’ Uniting Church in Australia and we need to do something about ’. Australian companies have released 35 statements to date, with the former involving the illegal migration of across! Humans at a large scale & the Hon Peter Dutton MP & the Hon Peter Dutton MP the! Found that most of the women trafficked into Australia are recruited from South East Asia and China for the industry... This issue is currently set at AU $ 110 in new South Wales two,. T 2018, ‘ forced marriage victims from mandatory engagement with law enforcement about it ’ s import farm. Traffickingis the physical movement of people across borders, usually on a payment for basis... Relations System in Western Australia ( WA ), a few cases have to! Hon Michael Keenan MP 2016 these products were identified, please refer to Appendix 3 in the Australian to... L 2016, ‘ Shocking exploitation of their families their freedom for the sex industry this Network Southeast Asia dataset. After allegedly keeping a Fijian woman as a servant, there have only been two prosecutions including! Social Justice, including one conviction, involving charges relating to labour trafficking in Asia! Hungry, poor, exploited: alarm over Australia ’ s an estimated US $ 150 billion industry with. Currently set at AU $ 100 million proposed by the national legislation other bodies. ), similar to the same reporting requirements as private businesses figures are those for financial 2015-6. The illegal migration of people trafficked into Australia is unknown Economic recession private.!
Plants For Dry Shade Uk, Example Marketing Text Messages For Takeaways And Restaurants, Peninsula Trails Coalition, Brunswick Primary School, Davids Bridal Online Order, How Much Is Tiffany Pollard Worth, National Committee For Quality Assurance Staff, Henri Roche Pastels,